Saudi Arabia is located in desert and doesn’t have a permanent water resource such as lake, river or waterfall.
The government started working on aquifers in 1970 and since then lakhs of aquifers have been constructed which provide water for both urban as well agricultural purposes.
The second important source of water in Saudi Arabia is sea and the process by which sea water is purified for drinking purposes is called desalination. Saudi Arabia is the biggest source of desalinated water.
Saline water conversion corporation (SWCC) operates 27 desalination stations and it releases 3 million cubic meters of potable water, everyday. These plants provide 70 percent of water for urban consumption apart from providing water for industrial purposes. These are main sources of electric power generation too.